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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 70  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 85-92

An analysis of arches of the foot: Grading the severity of pesplanus and pescavus using a newly designed podoscope and parameters


1 Department of Anatomy, Symbiosis Medical College for Women, Symbiosis International (Deemed University) Lavale, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Anatomy, SRIHER, Sri Ramachandra University, Porur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Department of Medical Records, Symbiosis Medical College for Women, Symbiosis International (Deemed University) Lavale, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. K Vijayakumar
Symbiosis Medical College for Women, Symbiosis International (Deemed University) Lavale, Pune, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JASI.JASI_61_20

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Introduction: The aim of this study was to establish a new grading system of pesplanus (PP) and pescavus (PC) based on the severity by a newly proposed parameter plantar surface area (PSA) using a newly designed podoscope device. Material and Methods: A total number of 416 healthy participants; 208 men and 208 women aged 21–50 years were included in this study. Plantar surface images were obtained from the podoscope and measurements were made by using the newly proposed parameter and existing parameter. Statistical analysis was conducted using the SPSS Statistical software (version 16.0) and executed at 95% confidence interval. Mean and standard deviations were observed by using the descriptive analysis. The Chi-square test has been performed to find the association, dependency, and validity. Results: The analysis of the present study encompasses the grading system of “PP and PC” and also developed a classification system with three grades in PP and PC. This grading system will be a substantiate assessment tool for the diagnosis and also to record the prognosis during the treatment of PP and PC. Discussion and Conclusion: The present study has developed a newly designed podoscope and established a newly proposed parameters PSA index and analyzed the prevalence of normal, PP and PC. In this study, gender wise normative value for new parameters PSA index was proposed under the influence of height and foot length. According to our knowledge, this is the first study to grade the PP and PC in a proper scientific morphometric analysis using a newly designed podoscope with a PSA index.


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