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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 69  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 25-30

Morphometric study of nasal parameters in adult jaunsari tribe population of Dehradun district of Uttarakhand

Department of Anatomy, AIIMS, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohd Salahuddin Ansari
Department of Anatomy, AIIMS, Veerbhadra Marg, Rishikesh - 249 203, Uttarakhand
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JASI.JASI_62_19

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Introduction: Physical anthropometry has been helpful in clinical diagnosis, forensic medicine, orthodontics, plastic, and reconstructive surgery. The Jaunsari tribe is a unique tribal community of Uttarakhand. There is lack of anthropometric study on them. Hence, it was planned to study facial anthropometric parameters specially that of the nose, in adult Jaunsari tribe of district Dehradun, Uttarakhand. With objectives (1) To study the nasal anthropometric parameters of adult males and females. (2) To analyze the sex differences, if any. (3) and its statistical significance. Material and Methods: The study was carried on 100 adult males and 100 adult females of >18 years of age, belonging to Jaunsari tribe, after due approval from the Institutional Ethical Committee and informed consent. The methodology adopted for the anthropometric measurements was of Singh and Bhasin, and concerned measurements were taken and appropriate statistical tests were applied. Results: Nasal index, parameters related to it and total facial height are statistically significantly different among males and females. Sagittal Naso-facial Index and Elevation of Nose Index are 44.93 ± 3.79, 44.22 ± 3.18 and 69.23 ± 17.13, 65.70 ± 8.73 in females and males, respectively, which mean relatively elevated and shorter nose. Discussion and Conclusion: The most common nose type in females is leptorhinae (60%), whereas in males both leptorhinae and mesorrhine type of nose are equally (47%) prevalent. Predominant nasal breadth in male (69%) and in female (68%) is above medium type, whereas predominant nasal height in male (42%) and in female (50%) is above medium type and below medium type, respectively.

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