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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 68  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 84-88

Stature estimation using foot parameters of Andhra Pradesh tribal children

1 Department of Anatomy, Shri Ram Murti Smarak Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhojipura, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Anatomy, Mamata Medical College and Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
3 Department of Anatomy, Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar Government Medical College Nahan, Nahan, Himachal Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Dhananjay Kumar
Department of Anatomy, SRMS-IMS, Bhojipura, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JASI.JASI_19_19

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Introduction: Stature estimation has an important role in forensic medicine, anthropology, and shoe wear industry. Personal identification using individual body parts forms the basis for this study. Koya and Konda Reddy tribal children are considered for this study because of their endogamous origin. The primitive nature of their origin is well preserved due to the lack of exposure to the developing world. They can be true representatives of people of that region. Height estimation using foot parameters is an essential parameter for personal identification. Material and Methods: A study on foot parameters was conducted on 360 Koya and Konda Reddy tribal children of Andhra Pradesh. Standing height was measured from vertex to the heel with the head held in Frankfurt's plane. Foot length (FL) and breadth were measured using an osteometric board. Foot index was calculated. Results: Mean height was noted as 129 cm in male and 124 cm in female children. Paired differences of FL and foot breadth between the right and left sides were not significant. Average values of foot parameters were considered for further analysis. Gender differences in foot parameters were significant. Correlation was noted high between foot parameters and stature. Therefore, regression equations were derived using FL and foot breadth for both genders separately. Discussion and Conclusion: Out of FL, foot breadth, and foot index, high correlation was noted between stature and FL. Hence, it is one of the best parameters in personal identification when only a part of the body such as foot is found.

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